Difference between revisions of "Saturn"

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[[Image:SaturnScrshot.jpg|thumb|right|Saturn in Orbiter]]
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{| cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0" style="margin:25px 0 0 10px; border:3px solid lightsteelblue;width:250px; font-size:90%; font-family:'Arial','Helvetica'; float: right; clear: right;"Saturn in Orbiter"
Saturn is the 6th planet from the [[Sun]]. It has at least 49 natural satellites.
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!bgcolor="lightsteelblue" colspan="2" align="center" |Saturn
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|-
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|colspan="2" align="center"|[[Image:SaturnScrshot.jpg|240px]]
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|-
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|colspan="2" align="center"|'''Saturn in Orbiter'''
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|-
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!bgcolor="lightsteelblue" colspan="2"|Designation
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|-
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|Name||align="right"|Saturn
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|-
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|width="30%"|Reference body||align="right" width="30%"|Sun
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|-
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|width="30%"|Number of satellites||align="right" width="30%"|
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|-
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!bgcolor="lightsteelblue" colspan="2"|Planetary mean orbits
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|-
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|width="30%"|Epoch||align="right" width="50%"|J2000 (1 January 2000)
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|-
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|width="30%"|Semimajor axis (a)||align="right" width="50%"|9.53707032 AU <br> (1.426725413×10<sup>12</sup> km)
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|-
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|width="30%"|Eccentricity (e)||align="right" width="30%"|0.05415060
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|-
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|width="30%"|Inclination (i)||align="right" width="30%"|2.48446° <br> (0.0433620 radian)
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|-
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|width="30%"|Longitude of the ascending node (LAN, ☊)||align="right" width="30%"|113.71504° <br> (1.984702 radian)
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|-
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|width="30%"|Longitude of periapsis (ϖ)||align="right" width="30%"|92.43194° <br> (1.613242 radian)
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|-
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|width="30%"|Mean longitude (L)||align="right" width="30%"|49.94432° <br> (0.871693 radian)
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|-
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!bgcolor="lightsteelblue" colspan="2"|Planetary orbital element centennial rates
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|-
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|width="30%"|Semimajor axis (a)||align="right" width="50%"|-0.00301530 AU/Century
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|-
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|width="30%"|Eccentricity (e)||align="right" width="50%"|-0.00036762 Century<sup>-1</sup>
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|-
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|width="30%"|Inclination (i)||align="right" width="30%"|6.11 seconds/Century
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|-
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|width="30%"|Longitude of the ascending node (LAN, ☊)||align="right" width="30%"|-1591.05 seconds/Century
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|-
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|width="30%"|Longitude of periapsis (ϖ)||align="right" width="30%"|-1948.89 seconds/Century
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|-
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|width="30%"|Mean longitude (L)||align="right" width="30%"|4401052.95 seconds/Century
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|-
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!bgcolor="lightsteelblue" colspan="2"|Selected physical parameters
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|-
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|width="30%"|Mean radius||align="right" width="30%"|58232.0±6 km
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|-
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|width="30%"|Mass||align="right" width="30%"|5.6846272×10<sup>26</sup> kg
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|-
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|width="30%"|Density||align="right" width="30%"|0.6873 g/cm<sup>3</sup>
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|-
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|width="30%"|Sidereal rotation period||align="right" width="30%"|10.65622 hours
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|-
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|width="30%"|Sidereal orbit period||align="right" width="30%"|29.423519 years
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|-
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|width="30%"|Magnitude V(1,0)||align="right" width="30%"|-8.88
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|-
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|width="30%"|Geometric albedo||align="right" width="30%"|0.47
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|-
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|width="30%"|Equatorial gravity||align="right" width="30%"|8.96±0.01 m/s<sup>2</sup>
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|-
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|width="30%"|Escape velocity||align="right" width="30%"|35.5 km/s
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|-
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!bgcolor="lightsteelblue" colspan="2"|Rotation elements
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|-
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|width="30%"|North pole right ascension (α)||align="right" width="30%"|40.14°
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|-
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|width="30%"|North pole declination (δ)||align="right" width="30%"|83.5°
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|-
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|width="30%"|Obliqutiy of ecliptic||align="right" width="30%"|28.05°
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|-
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|width="30%"|Longitude of Sun's transit||align="right" width="30%"|349.39°
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|-
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!bgcolor="lightsteelblue" colspan="2"|Atmospheric parameters
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|-
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|width="30%"|Surface Pressure||align="right" width="30%"|>>10<sup>4</sup> kPa
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|-
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|width="30%"|Surface Density||align="right" width="30%"|~0.19 at 1 bar
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|-
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|width="30%"|Scale height||align="right" width="30%"|59.5
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|-
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|width="30%"|Average temperature||align="right" width="30%"|~97 <br> ~134 at 1 bar
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|-
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|width="30%"|Wind speeds||align="right" width="30%"|up to 400 at 30° latitude <br> up to 150 else
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|-
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!bgcolor="lightsteelblue" colspan="2"|Ecliptic position from primary*
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|-
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|width="30%"|Note||align="right" width="30%"|*Elements given are from Orbiter.pdf (2016)
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|}
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'''Saturn''' is the sixth planet from the Sun in the Solar System. It is the second largest planet in the Solar System, after Jupiter. Saturn is one of the four gas giant planets, along with Jupiter, Uranus, and Neptune.
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Inside Saturn is probably a core of iron, nickel, silicon and oxygen compounds, surrounded by a deep layer of metallic hydrogen, then a layer of liquid hydrogen and liquid helium and finally, an outer gaseous layer.
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Saturn has 79 known moons orbiting the planet; 53 are officially named. Which means that 26 are waiting to be officially named.[9] The largest moon is Titan, which is larger in volume than the planet Mercury. Titan is the second-largest moon in the Solar System. The largest moon is Jupiter's moon, Ganymede. There is also a very large system of rings around Saturn. These rings are made of ice with smaller amounts of rocks and dust. Some people believe that the rings were caused from a moon impact or other event. Saturn is about 1,400,000,000 km (869,000,000 mi) from the Sun. Saturn takes 29.6 Earth years to revolve around the Sun.
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Saturn was named after the Roman god Saturnus (called Kronos in Greek mythology). Saturn's symbol is ♄ which is the symbol of Saturnus' sickle.
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see also: Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturn
  
 
Go to [[:Category:Addons for Saturn|Addons for Saturn]]
 
Go to [[:Category:Addons for Saturn|Addons for Saturn]]
  
==Natural satellites==
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== References ==
* [[Mimas]]
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<references/>
* [[Enceladus]]
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* [[Tethys]]
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{{SaturnSat}}
* [[Dione]]
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* [[Rhea]]
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[[Category:Celestial bodies]]
* [[Titan]]
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[[Category:Solar System]]
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[[Category: Planets]]
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[[Category:Celestial body]]
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{{SolarSystem}}

Latest revision as of 14:03, 1 September 2021

Saturn
SaturnScrshot.jpg
Saturn in Orbiter
Designation
Name Saturn
Reference body Sun
Number of satellites
Planetary mean orbits
Epoch J2000 (1 January 2000)
Semimajor axis (a) 9.53707032 AU
(1.426725413×1012 km)
Eccentricity (e) 0.05415060
Inclination (i) 2.48446°
(0.0433620 radian)
Longitude of the ascending node (LAN, ☊) 113.71504°
(1.984702 radian)
Longitude of periapsis (ϖ) 92.43194°
(1.613242 radian)
Mean longitude (L) 49.94432°
(0.871693 radian)
Planetary orbital element centennial rates
Semimajor axis (a) -0.00301530 AU/Century
Eccentricity (e) -0.00036762 Century-1
Inclination (i) 6.11 seconds/Century
Longitude of the ascending node (LAN, ☊) -1591.05 seconds/Century
Longitude of periapsis (ϖ) -1948.89 seconds/Century
Mean longitude (L) 4401052.95 seconds/Century
Selected physical parameters
Mean radius 58232.0±6 km
Mass 5.6846272×1026 kg
Density 0.6873 g/cm3
Sidereal rotation period 10.65622 hours
Sidereal orbit period 29.423519 years
Magnitude V(1,0) -8.88
Geometric albedo 0.47
Equatorial gravity 8.96±0.01 m/s2
Escape velocity 35.5 km/s
Rotation elements
North pole right ascension (α) 40.14°
North pole declination (δ) 83.5°
Obliqutiy of ecliptic 28.05°
Longitude of Sun's transit 349.39°
Atmospheric parameters
Surface Pressure >>104 kPa
Surface Density ~0.19 at 1 bar
Scale height 59.5
Average temperature ~97
~134 at 1 bar
Wind speeds up to 400 at 30° latitude
up to 150 else
Ecliptic position from primary*
Note *Elements given are from Orbiter.pdf (2016)

Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun in the Solar System. It is the second largest planet in the Solar System, after Jupiter. Saturn is one of the four gas giant planets, along with Jupiter, Uranus, and Neptune.

Inside Saturn is probably a core of iron, nickel, silicon and oxygen compounds, surrounded by a deep layer of metallic hydrogen, then a layer of liquid hydrogen and liquid helium and finally, an outer gaseous layer.

Saturn has 79 known moons orbiting the planet; 53 are officially named. Which means that 26 are waiting to be officially named.[9] The largest moon is Titan, which is larger in volume than the planet Mercury. Titan is the second-largest moon in the Solar System. The largest moon is Jupiter's moon, Ganymede. There is also a very large system of rings around Saturn. These rings are made of ice with smaller amounts of rocks and dust. Some people believe that the rings were caused from a moon impact or other event. Saturn is about 1,400,000,000 km (869,000,000 mi) from the Sun. Saturn takes 29.6 Earth years to revolve around the Sun.

Saturn was named after the Roman god Saturnus (called Kronos in Greek mythology). Saturn's symbol is ♄ which is the symbol of Saturnus' sickle.

see also: Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturn

Go to Addons for Saturn

References[edit]


Saturn's natural satellites

edit

Named Satellites: Aegaeon | Aegir | Albiorix | Anthe | Atlas | Bebhlonn | Bergelmir | Bestia | Calypso | Daphnis | Dione | Enceladus | Epimetheus | Erriapo | Farbauti | Fenrir | Fornjot | Greip | Hati | Helene | Hyperion | Hyrrokkin | Iapetus | Ijiraq | Janus | Jarnsaxa | Kari | Kiviuq | Loge | Methone | Mimas | Mundilfari | Narvi | Paaliaq | Pallene | Pan | Pandora | Phoebe | Polydeuces | Prometheus | Rhea | Siarnaq | Skathi | Skoll | Surtur | Suttungr | Tarqeq | Tarvos | Telesto | Tethys | Thrymr | Titan | Ymir

Numbered Satellites: S/2004 S7 | S/2004 S12 | S/2004 S17 | S/2004 S20 | S/2004 S21 | S/2004 S22 | S/2004 S23 | S/2004 S24 | S/2004 S25 | S/2004 S26 | S/2004 S27 | S/2004 S28 | S/2004 S29 | S/2004 S30 | S/2004 XXX (S5593a2) | S/2004 XXX (S5605a2) | S/204 XXX (S5613a2) | S/2004 XXX (S5801s2) | S/2004 XXX (S64454x) | S/2004 XXX (S8568a) | S/2004 XXX (T522499) | S/2006 S1 | S2006 S3 | S/2007 S2 | S/2007 S3 | S/2009 S1 |


edit The Solar System
Central star

Sun (Sol)

Planets

Mercury - Venus - Earth - Mars - Jupiter - Saturn - Uranus - Neptune

Natural satellites

Moon - Phobos - Deimos - Io - Europa - Ganymede - Titan - more...

Add-ons

Planets - Dwarf Planets - Small objects - Natural satellites - Alternative star systems