Difference between revisions of "Orbiter"

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[[Image:Martins.jpg|right|thumb|Martin Schweiger, Ph.D., the developer of orbiter]]
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[[Image:Martins.jpg|right|thumb|Martin Schweiger, Ph.D., the developer of Orbiter]]
'''Orbiter''' is a freeware space flight simulator written by Martin Schweiger, Ph. D.,  of the Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering at University College London.  
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'''Orbiter''' (Orbiter Space Flight Simulator) is a freeware space flight simulator created by Martin Schweiger, Ph. D.,  of the Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering at University College London. The most current stable version is Orbiter 2016.
 
 
The current version is [[Orbiter 2006 Patch 1]].
 
  
  
 
==Structure==
 
==Structure==
Orbiter consists of a mix of [[Configuration File|configuration files]], [[Compiled HTML File|help files]], [[Mesh|meshes]], [[Texture|textures]] and [[Orbiter Module|modules]] which get integrated by the main executable ''Orbiter.exe''. This very flexible architecture makes it possible to easily modify orbiter and extend its capabilities.  
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Orbiter is a physics simulator which uses Newtonian physics to simulate the behaviour of spacecraft & other objects within our solar system. While somewhat vulnerable to crashes caused by add-ons or extreme simulation demands, Orbiter is generally quite stable when used properly. Orbiters file structure consists of [[Configuration File|configuration files]], [[Compiled HTML File|help files]], [[Mesh|meshes]], [[Texture|textures]] and [[Orbiter Module|modules]] which are integrated by the main executable ''Orbiter.exe''. This very flexible architecture makes addon development for Orbiter relatively easy.  
  
  
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*  600 MHz PC or better (Pentium, Athlon, etc.)
 
*  600 MHz PC or better (Pentium, Athlon, etc.)
 
*  256 MB RAM or more
 
*  256 MB RAM or more
*  Windows 95/98/Me/2000/XP
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*  Windows 9x/Me/2000/XP
 
*  DirectX 7.0 or higher
 
*  DirectX 7.0 or higher
 
*  DirectX compatible 3D graphics accelerator card with at least 16MB of video RAM (32MB or more recommended) and DXT texture compression support
 
*  DirectX compatible 3D graphics accelerator card with at least 16MB of video RAM (32MB or more recommended) and DXT texture compression support
*  Approximately 100MB of free disk space for the minimum installation (additional high resolution textures and addons will require more space).
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*  Approximately 100MB of free disk space for the minimum installation (additional high-resolution textures and add-ons will require more space).
 
*  DirectX compatible joystick (optional)
 
*  DirectX compatible joystick (optional)
Installing high-resolution texture packs or addons may have an impact on performance and could require significantly higher computing specs.
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Installing high-resolution texture packs or add-ons may have an impact on performance and could require significantly higher computing specs.
 
 
  
 
==The default solar system==
 
==The default solar system==
  
The default solar system includes all known planets (except the [[Dwarf Planet|dwarf planets]]) and the major moons. Most planets are equipped with a [[Ephemeris|ephemeris]] module, which calculate the position of the celestial bodies at a very high accuracy, making it possible to simulate historic space missions by using nearly the same maneuvers as in reality.
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The default solar system includes all known planets (except the [[Dwarf Planet|dwarf planets]]) and the major moons. Most planets are equipped with a [[Ephemeris|ephemeris]] module, which calculates the position of the celestial bodies to very high accuracy, making it possible to simulate historic space missions by using nearly the same manoeuvres as in reality.
  
Spread over the inner solar system are some spaceports, which allow players to refuel their spacecrafts:
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Also included in the basic Orbiter distribution are several [[spaceport|spaceports]], where players can refuel their spacecraft:
 
* [[Kennedy Space Center]]
 
* [[Kennedy Space Center]]
* [[Habana (spaceport)|Habana]] close to Habana, Cuba
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* [[Habana]] located close to Habana, [[Cuba]]
* [[Brighton Beach]] on [[Moon]]
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* [[Brighton Beach]] located on the [[Moons|Moon]] near side
* [[Olympus]] on [[Mars]]
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* [[Olympus]] spaceport located on [[Mars]]
  
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For a complete list of the bases included with the Orbiter distribution, see the [[Surface bases]] article.
  
==The included spacecrafts==
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==Standard Spacecraft==
  
* [[Deltaglider]]
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* [[Dragonfly]]
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* [[Luna OB-1 Station|Luna Wheel Station]]
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* [[Delta-glider]]
 
* [[Shuttle-A]]
 
* [[Shuttle-A]]
* [[Shuttle Atlantis]]
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* [[Space Shuttle Atlantis]]
 
* [[Shuttle PB]]
 
* [[Shuttle PB]]
 
* [[Hubble Space Telescope]]
 
* [[Hubble Space Telescope]]
 
* [[Long Duration Exposition Facility]]
 
* [[Long Duration Exposition Facility]]
* [[Carina]]
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* [[Carina Satellite|Carina]]
* [[Internation Space Station]]
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* [[International Space Station]]
 
* [[Mir]]
 
* [[Mir]]
  
Mir got placed into an alternative orbit (and was not deorbited) making it a possible start for interplanetary missions.
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In spite of its destruction in reality, Mir is placed in an alternative orbit making it a possible start for interplanetary missions.
  
==How to install==
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==Installation Instructions==
===Files of the base distribution===
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The Orbiter install with two methods: The MSI and the ZIP method.
{|border="1" width="90%"
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The MSI (Microsoft installer) method installs Orbiter like a normal Windows application. Just run the MSI file to start the interactive installation process. This method will automatically create a desktop shortcut and start menu entry, including an uninstall option. This method is easy to use, but a bit more restrictive.
!File name
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Manual ZIP file extraction is the traditional method for Orbiter installation. Download the ZIP file, create an Orbiter folder, and extract the contents of the ZIP file into the folder. That's all, and you are ready to launch orbiter.exe. This method is non-intrusive (it doesn't change the registry or system resources), allows multiple copies of Orbiter on a single system, and can be uninstalled by simply deleting the Orbiter folder.
!MD5 sum
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===Optional Texture Packs===
!Description
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Optional texture packs provide high-resolution surface textures for planets and moons included within Orbiter distribution. This will improve the visual appearance in many situations, but requires more computing power and a lot of hard disk space.
|-
 
|orbiter060504_base.zip
 
|3275A977612EE935A33164BF19CA8877
 
|Basic installation file, required
 
|-
 
|orbiter060929patch_base.zip
 
|F323033D4F8FCBC72E4EA1AF3C771708
 
|Patch 1 for Orbiter 2006, upgrades to version 060929, required
 
|-
 
|orbiter060929_sdk.zip
 
|ABD256D197E8E51BCA2B9435EAC60502
 
|Orbiter SDK for add-on development, optional
 
|-
 
|Earth060504_L10.zip
 
|91BB9E1314ED9142AF26704FA1D5DA0D
 
|High resolution textures for Earth, optional
 
|-
 
|Mars060504_L10.zip
 
|4C42C639842733BA8AB68750BFF21FAA
 
|High resolution textures for Mars, optional
 
|-
 
|PlanetHires060504.zip
 
|105A70B2DE3C5B363E125D003153FDB4
 
|High resolution textures for the other planets, optional
 
|-
 
|Deltaglider060504_htex.zip
 
|4D29BC89F71B25ACE65099F70BA25EA5
 
|High resolution textures for the Delta-Glider, optional
 
|-
 
|Dragonfly060504_htex.zip
 
|D566B97C9B00DC8269549B909E5783F6
 
|High resolution textures for the Dragonfly, optional
 
|-
 
|}
 
  
==Quotes==
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==Open Source==
* ''"No. Orbiter 2007 will be out in 2008 at the earliest. Orbiter 2008 is then targetted for sometime between 2010 and 2020."'' - Martin Schweiger on the release date of future Orbiter versions.[http://orbit.m6.net/forum/Default.aspx?g=posts&m=170903#170903]
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It was announced by Dr. Schweiger on 27 July 2021 that Orbiter has been published under an open source license, ([[w:MIT license|Wikipedia: MIT license]]). Details can be found at the Orbiter forum [https://www.orbiter-forum.com/threads/orbiter-is-now-open-source.40023/ , this thread].
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
  
 
* [[Orbiter Visualisation Project]]
 
* [[Orbiter Visualisation Project]]
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==External Links==
 +
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* [http://orbit.medphys.ucl.ac.uk/ Official Orbiter Website]
 +
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* [http://www.orbiter-forum.com Orbiter Forum]
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* [http://www.orbithangar.com/index.php Orbit Hangar Mods]
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[[Category:Orbiter]]

Latest revision as of 14:47, 19 September 2021

Martin Schweiger, Ph.D., the developer of Orbiter

Orbiter (Orbiter Space Flight Simulator) is a freeware space flight simulator created by Martin Schweiger, Ph. D., of the Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering at University College London. The most current stable version is Orbiter 2016.


Structure[edit]

Orbiter is a physics simulator which uses Newtonian physics to simulate the behaviour of spacecraft & other objects within our solar system. While somewhat vulnerable to crashes caused by add-ons or extreme simulation demands, Orbiter is generally quite stable when used properly. Orbiters file structure consists of configuration files, help files, meshes, textures and modules which are integrated by the main executable Orbiter.exe. This very flexible architecture makes addon development for Orbiter relatively easy.


System Requirements[edit]

The standard ORBITER distribution requires the following minimum hardware features:

  • 600 MHz PC or better (Pentium, Athlon, etc.)
  • 256 MB RAM or more
  • Windows 9x/Me/2000/XP
  • DirectX 7.0 or higher
  • DirectX compatible 3D graphics accelerator card with at least 16MB of video RAM (32MB or more recommended) and DXT texture compression support
  • Approximately 100MB of free disk space for the minimum installation (additional high-resolution textures and add-ons will require more space).
  • DirectX compatible joystick (optional)

Installing high-resolution texture packs or add-ons may have an impact on performance and could require significantly higher computing specs.

The default solar system[edit]

The default solar system includes all known planets (except the dwarf planets) and the major moons. Most planets are equipped with a ephemeris module, which calculates the position of the celestial bodies to very high accuracy, making it possible to simulate historic space missions by using nearly the same manoeuvres as in reality.

Also included in the basic Orbiter distribution are several spaceports, where players can refuel their spacecraft:

For a complete list of the bases included with the Orbiter distribution, see the Surface bases article.

Standard Spacecraft[edit]

In spite of its destruction in reality, Mir is placed in an alternative orbit making it a possible start for interplanetary missions.

Installation Instructions[edit]

The Orbiter install with two methods: The MSI and the ZIP method. The MSI (Microsoft installer) method installs Orbiter like a normal Windows application. Just run the MSI file to start the interactive installation process. This method will automatically create a desktop shortcut and start menu entry, including an uninstall option. This method is easy to use, but a bit more restrictive. Manual ZIP file extraction is the traditional method for Orbiter installation. Download the ZIP file, create an Orbiter folder, and extract the contents of the ZIP file into the folder. That's all, and you are ready to launch orbiter.exe. This method is non-intrusive (it doesn't change the registry or system resources), allows multiple copies of Orbiter on a single system, and can be uninstalled by simply deleting the Orbiter folder.

Optional Texture Packs[edit]

Optional texture packs provide high-resolution surface textures for planets and moons included within Orbiter distribution. This will improve the visual appearance in many situations, but requires more computing power and a lot of hard disk space.

Open Source[edit]

It was announced by Dr. Schweiger on 27 July 2021 that Orbiter has been published under an open source license, (Wikipedia: MIT license). Details can be found at the Orbiter forum , this thread.

See also[edit]

External Links[edit]